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Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions known as hormones. It is also concerned with the integration of developmental events proliferation, growth, and differentiation, and the psychological or behavioral activities of metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sleep, digestion, respiration, excretion, mood, stress, lactation, movement, reproduction, and sensory perception caused by hormones. Specializations include behavioral endocrinology and comparative endocrinology.

The endocrine system consists of several glands, all in different parts of the body, that secrete hormones directly into the blood rather than into a duct system. Therefore, endocrine glands are regarded as ductless glands. Hormones have many different functions and modes of action; one hormone may have several effects on different target organs, and, conversely, one target organ may be affected by more than one hormone.

Endocrine diseases

Glucose homeostasis disorders


  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Mature Onset Diabetes of the Young
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Idiopathic hypoglycemia
  • Insulinoma
  • Glucagonoma

Thyroid disorders

  • Goitre
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Graves-Basedow disease
  • Toxic multinodular goitre
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Thyroiditis
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Thyroid hormone resistance


Calcium homeostasis disorders and Metabolic bone disease

  • Parathyroid gland disorders
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Secondary hyperparathyroidism
  • Tertiary hyperparathyroidism
  • Hypoparathyroidism
  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism
  • Osteoporosis
  • Osteitis deformans (Paget’s disease of bone)
  • Rickets
  • Osteomalacia


Pituitary gland disorders

Posterior pituitary

  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)

Anterior pituitary

Sex hormone disorders

  • Disorders of sex development or intersex disorders
  • Hermaphroditism
  • Gonadal dysgenesis
  • Androgen insensitivity syndromes
  • Hypogonadism (Gonadotropin deficiency)
  • Inherited (genetic and chromosomal) disorders
  • Kallmann syndrome
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Turner syndrome
  • Acquired disorders
  • Ovarian failure (also known as Premature Menopause)
  • Testicular failure
  • Disorders of Puberty
  • Delayed puberty
  • Precocious puberty
  • Menstrual function or fertility disorders
  • Amenorrhea
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome


Best Endocrinology Institutes and Specialists

Dr. Peter Vash

Endocrinology / Diabetes,

Experience :    49+ years

Address      :     Los Angeles, CA

About         :    Dr Vash, is Clinical Professor of Medicine, emeritus, at the David Geffen School of Medicine UCLA Medical Center,. Read More

Dr. Jordan Geller

Endocrinology / Diabetes,

Experience :  18+ Years 

Address      :   Los Angeles, CA

About         :    Dr. Geller earned his medical degree from the University of Southern California and completed a postdoctoral fellowship . Read More


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