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Genetic disorders and their types


One of the most common ailments that mankind has faced is genetic in nature. People inherit certain qualities from their parents or grandparents, and some genetic difficulties are also on the list. Genetic illnesses develop when a dangerous mutation and a modified gene affect the normal genes or when the gene material is not found in the correct amount. Genes are made up of Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), which carries features that can be interpreted as the gene carrier’s identity.

Because everyone inherits half of their DNA from each parent, individuals acquire certain features as well as gene mutations from one or both parents. If there is a problem with the DNA, some genes change. Genetic illnesses can be chromosomal, complicated, or single gene, depending on the condition and the gene and DNA abnormalities.

The following are some of the most common genetic illnesses.

Down syndrome

Down syndrome is thought to be the most common genetic condition. Unlike other disorders that develop over time, down syndrome develops immediately after birth. This occurs when a baby is born with an extra chromosome, which causes alterations in brain and body development. The average chromosomal rate is 23 pairs per cell, for a total of 46. Down syndrome is caused by kids being born with extra copies of chromosome 21.

Fragile X syndrome

The following disorder is Fragile X syndrome, also known as Martin-Bell syndrome, which causes delayed development, intellectual difficulties, learning and behavioural issues, physical abnormalities, anxiety, and other symptoms. The X chromosome is the main component of the gene, and when a portion of the X chromosome is broken or seems frail, the condition is known as Fragile X syndrome.

Klinefelter syndrome

Klinefelter syndrome, caused by an extra copy of chromosomes in males, will be the next genetic illness to be discovered. A typical male contains 46 chromosomes, including one copy of X and one copy of Y. Klinefelter syndrome occurs when there is an extra copy of chromosomes, which is 47 with two copies of X and one copy of Y. This syndrome is characterised by type 2 diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, breast cancer, tremors, osteoporosis, autoimmune illness, and other symptoms.

Other hereditary disorders include Trisomy 18 and 13, late-onset Alzheimer’s disease, autism, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and others.

Treatment from the United States

People suffering from this condition wish to receive treatment from the greatest facility with the best specialists, but they are unable to do so due to a variety of situations. But don’t worry, MediPocket is here to fulfil your wish. MediPocket world , based in the United States and staffed by experts, specialises in providing outstanding treatment to patients from the comfort of their own homes. Hospitals like Mount Sinai, Mayo clinic, Cleveland clinic and others are the top hospitals providing care for the genetic diseases. Sign up to get connected with the top geneticists from the United States.


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